AMAZING CAVES
سایر تصاویر محصول

AMAZING CAVES

مـــســـتـــنـــد سفر در غارهای شگفت انگیز

AMAZING CAVES

مـــســـتـــنـــد سفر در غارهای شگفت انگیز

یکی از مـــســـتـــنـــدهای فوق العاده و پر هزینه شرکت آیمکس است که در رابطه با کاوش دو زن متخصص جوان در عجیب ترین غارهای دنیاست نکته جالب این مـــســـتـــنـــد فـــیـــلـــم برداری بسیار جالب آن و همچنین بررسی غارهای متفاوت و بسیار دیدنی از قطب شمال تا صحرای آریزونای آمریکا است

 

All over our planet there are landscapes that hold caves beneath them. Challenged by the underground frontier and inspired by the secrets it may yield, cavers share a passion for exploration. Journey into Amazing Caves follows Hazel Barton and Nancy Aulenbach on an adventure to explore caves in canyon walls, in glaciers and beneath the rainforests of Mexico. In these unusual and hostile places, Barton, a microbiologist, searches for tiny organisms that somehow survive there. The microorganisms that live in environments with no light, few nutrients, and in the case of glaciers, locked in ice for hundreds or thousands of years, have developed unique survival tactics and lethal weapons against other organisms that compete for the same, few nutrients. Barton studies this subterranean life in hopes it may point to new drugs or antibiotics to fight human illness

High on a cliff near the Grand Canyon, Dr. Hazel Barton and Nancy Aulenbach rappel down to a cave entrance, dangling more than 700 feet above a turquoise-hued river. They aim to be the first to explore a little-known cave formed millions of years before the river cut through the canyon.

In Greenland, Barton and Aulenbach join a team of scientists and adventurers who are attempting a record depth – 500 feet -- into a glacier ice cave. They descend dramatic surface crevasses into a cathedral-like world of blue ice. Razor-sharp ice shards fall from the glacier walls. As Nancy studies how these caves are formed, Hazel collects tiny organisms that can survive extreme pressures and temperatures. These organisms are in suspended animation and can be brought back to life when removed from the ice.

The underwater caves of Mexico’s Caribbean coast contain the beautiful formations found in typical, terrestrial caves. In the film, the water is so clear, you won’t know you’re underwater until you see Hazel in Scuba gear. These caves are beautiful, but dangerous. One wrong move by a caver here can be deadly. Beneath the Mayan jungle, Hazel searches underwater cave passages for microorganisms living in the shimmering halocline: where the freshwater that flows beneath the jungle meets the ocean saltwater.

As it conveys the excitement of scientific exploration, Journey into Amazing Caves takes audiences on an adventure in the natural world…to the underground landscapes that are as beautiful and vital as any place

 

Yucatán Peninsula
   

 

Quintana Roo is one of three Mexican states of the Yucatán Peninsula, a landmass that separates the Gulf of Mexico from the Caribbean Sea. Shooting for Journey into Amazing Caves occurred along Quintana Roo’s Caribbean coast near Tulum, an ancient Mayan port. Ruins of the Mayan civilization, which endured from 400 BC to the 14th century, are scattered along the coastline and in the dense rainforests and swamps of the peninsula.

The Yucatán Peninsula is a low, flat limestone tableland. Rainwater falls onto the jungle and seeps into the porous limestone. Over millions of years, the slightly acidic rainwater hollowed out a vast cave system that stretches to the sea. When the last ice age ended, about 11,000 years ago, the sea levels rose and flooded the caves. Now, these cave passages are freshwater, underground rivers that flow to the ocean.

In some places, the limestone roofs of the caves collapsed to expose large pools. These caves are called cenotes (pronounced se-no-tay), which comes from the Mayan word that means "well." Mayans used these cenotes as their freshwater wells. They also held them as sacred. Archaeologists have found Mayan artifacts, even human bones, at the bottom of the cenotes. There are about 50 cenotes along the Caribbean coast. Cenote Dos Ojos, where much of the cinematography occurred, is the third largest known underwater cave system in the world. Thirty-five miles of passages have been mapped so far.

 
   

  Little Colorado River Gorge, Arizona
   
 

A tributary of the Grand Canyon, Little Colorado River Gorge juts east and south from the Grand Canyon’s Colorado River. The Little Colorado River Gorge is located on Navajo land in northern Arizona. The 16-million-acre Navajo Reservation is the largest of any Southwest tribe in America. In addition to Little Colorado River Gorge, many other scenic sites are located on Navajo land including Monument Valley, Canyon de Chelly and Rainbow Bridge in Glen Canyon.

The creation of Little Colorado River Gorge and the Grand Canyon is a result of the uplift that created the Rocky Mountains. As colliding continental plates squeezed the Rocky Mountains higher, the Colorado River, which had meandered the plains of this area, was now forced to rush downhill, carving a path to its new outlet in the Gulf of California. The charging river formed the Grand Canyon and its tributaries in four to six million years: a relatively short time, geologically speaking.

The Colorado River and the Little Colorado River exposed rock layers that record the passage of geologic eras. Most of the rock layers so evident in these canyons are sandstone and limestone. These sedimentary rocks are the result of marine and river deposits accumulating and compacting over millions and millions of years. The cave featured in the film formed in what’s known as Redwall limestone, a red-colored rock layer found high on the canyon walls. This Redwall limestone was deposited about 300 million years ago. The film’s cave was formed by acidic waters that seeped down through the limestone, just like other terrestrial caves are formed. The river exposed the cave as it continued to carve deeper into the canyon. Today the cave is more than 700 feet above the river!

   
 
Greenland
   
 

Greenland is the largest island on Earth, measuring 1,659 miles long by 800 miles wide. Greenland lies largely in the Arctic Circle, so summers are cool and the winters are very cold. Summer temperatures range from 40 to 64 degrees Fahrenheit (5-18 Centigrade) and winter temperatures often never reach above zero (or –20 degrees Centigrade). An ice sheet, also called a continental glacier, covers 4/5 of Greenland’s land area. In some places the ice is 10,000 to 14,000 feet thick!

Our film crew flew into Kangerlussuaq (pronounced gong-ger-loosh-wok), a small town on the southwestern coast of Greenland. Only 60,000 people call this country home, most of who are of Inuit heritage. They reside in small towns along the fjords of the western coastline, where icebergs and ice floes (flat masses of frozen sea water) pepper the ocean waters.

Our crew journeyed by helicopter out onto the glacier with the ice cavers and scientists who explore the slow-moving sheet of ice. During summer months, the surface of the glacier forms meltwater, making rivers that run for miles. Where the rivers encounter a fault in the ice, they plunge downward, forming deep pits or caves hundreds of feet deep. Our film crew visited in September, after the caves formed and when the icy rivers begin to freeze again. When winter arrives, the cave entrances freeze shut. Even though the glacier itself moves very slowly, perhaps only a few inches each year, this movement may be enough to cause some of the new caves to collapse. Each spring, though, the rivers begin to flow and will excavate old caves and some new ones.

 

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